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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Law

Applicability: This Regulation shall apply to all programmes leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD).


  1. “University” shall mean Galgotias University, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
  2. “DC” shall mean the Doctoral Committee constituted for each PhD candidate that includes HOD - Chair, HOD nominee, Dean Nominee, expert (VC nominee), supervisors. Each members of DC must possess an earned PhD degree.
  3. “BOS” shall mean the Board of Studies of the School offering the degree.
  4. “Applicant” shall mean an individual who applies on a prescribed application form for admission to a PhD programme.
  5. “Candidate” shall mean a person preliminary registered for the PhD programme.
  6. “COE” shall mean Controller of Examinations of the University.
  7. “Degree” shall mean the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in a field/ department of the University.
  8. “Research Student” shall mean a person registered for the PhD programme and devoting prescribed time for completing the requirements of this degree.
  9. “Supervisor” shall mean a member of the academic staff of the University.
  10. “Co-supervisor” shall mean a member of the academic staff of the University/other outside staff, other than the Supervisor, and approved by BOS on the recommendation of the DAC to guide/supervise the research work of the student/candidate.
  11. “Registration Period” shall mean the length of period commencing with the date of final registration at the University and ending on the date of submission of the dissertation, counting out any approved gaps.
  12. “Minimum Registration Period” shall mean the minimum period for which a candidate must be registered, prior to the date of submission of the dissertation.
  13. “RDC” shall mean Research Degree Committee, and shall consist of BOS- Chairman, DAC-Chairman, VC nominee (expert), COE. Each members of RDC, except COE must possess a PhD Degree.

The programmes shall be conducted through the Schools of the University Subject to the guidance of the Academic Council (AC) and control of the concerned School, research studies for PhD shall be overseen by the respective Board of Studies (BOS) of the Schools.

A Research Student/ Candidate shall be required to pursue his/her research work under the guidance of approved supervisor(s) and the course work specified by the DC at the University Schools. The BOS may also permit a research student/ candidate to carry out a part of the research work outside the University at a Research Centre approved by the AC.

Professionally employed personnel such as working engineers, scientists and teachers may be allowed to pursue PhD on part-time basis. Such candidates are required to submit a “No Objection Certificate” from their parent organization/ department/employer stating that he/she is permitted to pursue studies on a part-time basis and that his/her duties permit him/her to devote sufficient time for research. Part-time studies leading to PhD may also be permitted to persons working in university/research centers with which a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed for research purposes.

Admission Eligibility

A Master’s degree in Law with not less than 55% marks in aggregate.

Admission Criterion & Procedure

The university may announce the number of vacancies for admission to PhD for all the Schools by indicating the areas of specialization as well.

It will be a two step procedure

  1. PhD Entrance test and/or
  2. Interview

Those who have qualified in SLET/UGC (NET /JRF) may be exempted from the entrance test. However, interview is compulsory for all Candidates.

Admission is based on

  1. Satisfying the requirements of minimum qualifications as laid down in 4.
  2. Performance in Interview for those who have qualified in SLET/UGC NET (JRF) examinations.
  3. Performance in
    1. The Ph.D Entrance Test to be conducted by Galgotias University for all those who are not qualified in any of the examinations mentioned in 5(b) and
    2. The university will display the lists of short listed candidates to be called for interview. The candidates are expected to be aware of the literature and issues in the area of their research interest.

    3. The subsequent Interview by the panel of professors/experts (each with a PhD Degree)
    4. The composition of Interview board will be as follows

      1. Dean /Nominee - Chairman
      2. Concerned HOD/Program Chair - Member
      3. One Professor by seniority and rotation of one year - Member
      4. One Associate Professor /Assistant Professor (with PhD) - Member
      5. One expert nominee of V.C - as Dean’s nominee - Member

      In the case of international students, entrance test may be arranged online and subsequent interviews be held by Skype interviews. In addition, the foreign students shall be required to submit three letters of recommendation.

  4. The University reserves the right to limit the number of scholars to be admitted to the University at any time. This decision would be guided by the resources and other facilities/fiscal constraints.
  5. Admission shall be conducted twice in a year i.e. in Winter (Jan/Feb) and Fall (Jul/Aug) sessions.
  6. The names of the short listed candidates shall be forwarded by the PhD Admission committee to the VC for approval.

    Once approved by the Vice Chancellor, The list of successful candidates shall be displayed on website/notice Board.

    A student shall be allowed provisional registration after he/she has paid the fees prescribed by the University.

Research Plan

  1. Each student with a provisional registration shall undertake course work as prescribed by the DC for a minimum period of one semester. The course work shall be treated as pre-PhD preparation.
  2. A minimum 12 credits course work is mandatory for all students provisionally admitted/registered in the PhD Programs as per the following details:
    1. Research Methodology – 3 Credits
    2. Three courses of 3 credits each in the area of specialization/concentration (Candidates Specific) as decided by the DC
    3. Total Credits – 3 (core) + 9(Areas of specialization) = 12

      However, DC may decide to increase additional courses to be taken by the student based on his/her research intent/academic background.

      The examination/evaluation scheme shall be as per existing university examination policy. However, Term paper in each course shall be compulsory as part of the continuous assessment.

  3. The examination may consist of two components:
      1. Continuous Assessment / Term Paper
      2. Midterm Exam(s)
      3. Semester End Exam
    1. Comprehensive Viva Voice
    2. The minimum percentage of pass grade will be B subject to minimum C great in each of above components.
  4. Research Plan and Supervision
  5. If the names proposed by the applicant are not approved, the student may be asked to suggest other names, or, in exceptional circumstances assigned by the Dean, with the concurrence of the student and the supervisor, and approval of the Vice-Chancellor. The Candidate is expected to develop synopsis on the preferred research topic for PhD work.

Registration as a Candidate

  1. After the approval of the Research Plan and the names of Supervisor(s) decided, the case shall be submitted to the BOS for its consideration and approval.
  2. If an approval is not accorded by the BOS, then such a research student/ candidate may submit his/her case for fresh approval after presenting a fresh/ modified Research Plan.

  3. After the approval of the BOS a student shall be formally registered as a candidate for PhD with effect from the date on which the BOS accorded its approval.
  4. A candidate shall be required to renew his Registration in the manner prescribed, every year, and pay the fees as prescribed by the University.

Supervisors / Co-supervisors

  1. Any regular teacher of the University who holds a PhD degree and has a post-PhD teaching/ research experience of not less than two years shall be eligible to be a supervisor. Faculty with a PhD will be eligible to be a Co-supervisor. One should have an established track record of relevant research work with a minimum of 3 published research articles in referred national/ international journals of repute and he/she must also be involved in demonstrated research activities/ consultancy assignments/ technological advancements/ other scholarly activities. However, under exceptional circumstances the Vice-Chancellor may decide to relax the post-PhD experience requirement on the recommendation of the concerned BOS by one year.
  2. Any other scholar duly approved by the concerned BOS, the University or from its Approved Research Centre, another University, a public sector industry, or, other reputed established industry or institutions conducting research programmes shall also be eligible to be appointed either as a Co-supervisor, provided he/she holds a PhD Degree and has an established record of research as described in section 8(a). Decisions of BOS in approving such type of PhD supervisors must be approved by the Academic Council.
  3. Co-supervisor(s) may also be assigned under special circumstances on the recommendation of the DAC. Under the circumstances such as multi/inter disciplinary research work, retiring/leaving supervisor or in the event of unavailability of the originally assigned faculty.
  4. At any given time, a Professor shall not have more than 8 PhD candidates, an Associate Professor more than 6 candidates, and an Assistant Professor more than 4 candidates registered under him/her, however, in such cases where teachers are retiring or leaving, the Vice Chancellor may decide to relax the norm on recommendation of the DAC/BOS.
  5. A PhD seat shall deem to have been fallen vacant under a Supervisor only after the submission of PhD thesis and certified by COE.

Credit Requirement & Performance Monitoring

  1. Candidates, who are provisionally registered for the PhD degree, will be required to take minimum 4 courses equivalent to 12 credits; however, the maximum number of courses could be up to 8 courses equivalent to 24 credits as per the recommendations by the DC. Each course will be of three hours instructions/studies per week. The courses may be prescribed from the existing Masters Level or pre-PhD courses at the university. The course work should be completed in a period of four semesters not exceeding two academic years from the date of the provisional registration. If a student is not able to pass a course with a minimum C grade (7 grade-points), the student shall be allowed to reappear in the examination within 12 months as per the existing examination rules of the University. Candidates should be encouraged to take courses such as “Communication Skills”, “Research Methodology”, “Statistical methods for Analysis of Research/ Experimental Data” etc. Candidates may be permitted to take courses in related and allied subjects being offered by other Schools of the University. The students shall be evaluated at the end of each semester.
  2. The student may be permitted by the BOS, on the recommendation of the Supervisor(s), to be absent from the university for ordinarily not more than 2 semesters on the ground that it is in the interest of her/his research.
  3. Students may also be assigned to indulge in paid assignments such as to assist teaching of science practical, checking assignments, etc. as per their fellowship requirements or as decided by the BOS. This assignment shall not exceed 8 hours per week.
  4. Absence from research work by PhD students due to illness, maternity leave or other circumstances must be reported by the Supervisor(s) to the BOS. Documentary evidence of such illness must accompany the request. Neglect of research work or any other acts of indiscipline must be recorded and reported by the supervisor to the BOS.
  5. Every research student shall report regularly to their respective Supervisors. Cases of neglect of research work and indiscipline that include unethical practices such as plagiarism and misrepresentation of data and absenteeism must be reported by the Supervisor to the BOS and the Vice-Chancellor for necessary action.
  6. No PhD student who is holding Fellowship/ scholarship shall undertake an employment elsewhere during the period of his/her study. In case any Research Student is selected and joins some employment in between the period of his/her fellowship then he/she shall not remain eligible for availing the fellowship. However, he/she would be permitted to complete his PhD provided he/she has already completed the course work and got the synopsis approved.
  7. No candidate shall, without the permission of the Supervisor(s) and the BOS enroll for any other course of study which is not stipulated as an essential requirement for the PhD programme by the School for which the student is a candidate.
  8. No candidate with fellowship/scholarship shall appear in any examination conducted by the University or a public body without prior permission of the Supervisor(s) and the Dean.
  9. The academic research progress of each student will be monitored by BOS or by its subcommittee. For this purpose, each candidate will be asked to submit a progress report at the end of each semester to his supervisor(s). On receipt of the progress report the supervisors shall arrange with BOS or its subcommittee for a review. “X” grade to be awarded during that semester if the progress is satisfactory. If the progress is unsatisfactory, then “U” grade is awarded and appropriate action taken. For obtaining “U” grade, a warning would be issued to the candidate. If there are two consecutive “U” grades then the registration may be cancelled /terminated.
  10. The BOS after having considered the progress report of each candidate shall recommend one of the following to the VC:
    1. Continuation of registration
    2. Continuation of registration and issuance of a warning to the candidate and making recommendation in consultation with the supervisor(s), of steps necessary to improve his performance.

    3. Termination of registration
    4. If the candidate is issued a warning, the minimum registration period for allowing a candidate to submit the dissertation shall be increased by one semester, every time a warning has been issued.

Registration Period Requirements

  1. A pre-dissertation proposal submitted by the candidate before the BOS is an essential requirement. On completion of the research work, the candidate shall submit 8 copies of summary of his/her research work (synopsis) to the BOS through his/her supervisor(s) and make a presentation at which faculty members and other research students of the concerned school may be present.
  2. The candidate shall be required to submit his dissertation within three months from the date of pre-dissertation submission presentation by the candidate. However, in case a candidate fails to submit his dissertation within the stipulated time and has suitable justification for the same, the Dean of the School may, on recommendations of the Supervisor grant an extension of not more than three months i.e., the candidate may be allowed to submit his dissertation within a period not exceeding 6 months from the date of pre-dissertation submission presentation.
  3. The candidate will be required to submit a certificate from his supervisor(s) in the prescribed format countersigned by the Dean that the work embodied in the dissertation entitled “_________” is original and has been carried out by the author and that it has not been submitted in full or in part for any other diploma or degree at any other University.

Appointment of Examiners

  1. Two panels (one having experts from within India and the other having at least one expert from outside India) of at least five experts in each panel in the subject area of proposed research would be suggested by the supervisor(s) to Dean for final approval by the VC and for recommendations. Dean may scrutinize the panel thus submitted. The scrutinized/modified version may be submitted to VC for his approval. VC may indicate his order of preference of panel members.
  2. A person from the same laboratory/institution where the candidate is employed may not be appointed as an external examiner. Further, a person from a Laboratory/Institution/Approved Research Centre to which the Supervisor and/or Co-Supervisor of the candidate belongs, should not be appointed as an external examiner.

  3. On receipt of the title and synopsis of the dissertation, the Dean shall send the panel of examiners as approved by the BOS to the Vice-Chancellor who will appoint the Board of Examiners for the dissertation. The Board shall consist of two external examiners (one from each panel). The examiners may normally be chosen from the panels of examiners recommended by the BOS. The Vice Chancellor may add any other name(s) in the panels, if necessary. For research areas other than Science and technology, the Vice Chancellor may appoint both the external examiners from within India.
  4. In case one or more examiners so appointed decline to examine the dissertation, or is unavailable for some reason under unavoidable circumstances, another examiner from the same panel may be appointed as per the order of preference indicated by the VC. In case the panel(s) gets exhausted, BOS shall recommend additional names.

Dissertation Submission

  1. The dissertation shall be a piece of research work characterized either by discovery of new facts or enunciation of a new theory or theories or by fresh interpretation of known facts. It should bear evidence of the candidate’s capacity for analysis and judgment as well as his/her ability to carry out independent investigation, design or development. A dissertation should be supplemented by publications if necessary. No part of the dissertation or supplementary published work shall have been submitted for the award of any other diploma or degree at any other university.
  2. The dissertation shall be written in English (unless otherwise specified by the Academic Council for special research areas) in specified format provided by the concerned school of study.
  3. A candidate may submit his dissertation within the time period as stipulated in Clause 10 of this Ordinance, provided the DC has found his/her research work satisfactory (and recommended to the BOS) and he/she has:
    1. Completed the minimum period of registration as provided in Clause 10.
    2. Published minimum of 2 (Two) research papers in international (referred) journals of repute. However, wherever it is not possible to do so then, apart from publishing two research papers in referred national journals, this fact must be brought to the notice of the BOS along with sufficient reasons to justify as to why the dissertation should be accepted in the absence of two published research papers in international journals? And, this justification should be acceptable to the Vice-Chancellor of the University.
  4. Three copies of the dissertation in soft binding along with one copy on Electronic media for record must be submitted to the COE for evaluation. In case of a candidate being supervised by more than one supervisor, appropriate number of additional copies must be produced and submitted.


  1. Evaluation of Dissertation
    1. Each examiner will be requested to submit to the COE, a detailed assessment report along with his/her recommendations on a prescribed proforma within 3 months of the date of receiving the dissertation.
    2. In the event that the assessment report is not received from an examiner within 4 months, the Vice-Chancellor may appoint another examiner from the panel(s) of examiners for evaluating the dissertation.
    3. The examiners shall be required to state categorically whether in their individual opinions, the dissertation should be:
      1. Accepted for the award of PhD degree, or
      2. Referred to the candidate for presentation in the revised form, or
      3. Rejected
    4. The examiner shall state the reasons for recommending re-submission/rejection of the dissertation. If resubmission is recommended, the examiner shall specifically indicate the modifications that need to be made in the dissertation by the candidate.

    5. Once all the examiners submit their reports, these will be placed before the Research Degree Committee. The RDC shall examine the reports and provide one of the following recommendations:
      1. If the examiners are unanimous that the dissertation be accepted for award of the degree, the candidate shall be required to appear for the oral defense.
      2. If the examiners are unanimous that the dissertation be rejected or that the dissertation be submitted in a revised form, the candidate shall be informed to submit the dissertation in a revised form.
      3. If there is no unanimity between examiners, an additional external expert as per panel shortlisted by VC shall be appointed as examiner to examine the dissertation. The report of the additional examiner, along with all the earlier reports shall be considered by the RDC, and a recommendation shall be made to either accept or reject the award of degree.
  2. Oral Defense
    1. The candidate, whose dissertation is recommended for acceptance in accordance with provision of clause 14(a)(iv), he/she shall be required to defend his work/dissertation orally before a duly constituted committee, herein-after referred to as Oral Defence Committee (ODC), during working hours of the University at the University premises. Any deviation from this must have prior permission from the Vice-Chancellor.
    2. ODC shall consist of the Dean of the concerned School, the supervisor(s), and one external examiner to be appointed from the pool of external examiners by Vice- Chancellor. If none of the external examiners is available from the pool for the conduct of the oral defense, an alternative external examiner may be appointed by Vice- Chancellor for this purpose only. The external examiner invited for oral examination shall submit his/her report in the prescribed proforma to the COE.
    3. On the completion of all the stages of examination, COE shall recommend to RDC to approve one of the followings:
      1. The degree be awarded
      2. The candidate be reexamined at a later specified time in a specified manner
      3. That the degree not be awarded
    4. In case of 14(b)(iii), the COE in consultation with Dean shall also provide to the candidate a list of corrections and modifications recommended by the examiners. The candidate shall thereafter submit two hardbound copies of the dissertation, incorporating all the necessary corrections/ modifications.

Award of Degree

  1. The Degree shall be awarded by the University if all the following conditions are met:
    1. Approval of RDC
    2. The candidate produces a “No Dues Certificate’ in the prescribed format from the university
    3. The candidate submits two hard bound copies of the dissertation; one for the School Library and one for the Central Library in the prescribed format with all the revisions and corrections.
  2. Hard bound copies and CD ROM of the PhD dissertation, submitted after the oral defense examination, must contain the following copyright certificate in the beginning of the dissertation:
  3. Galgotias University, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
    2XXX © All rights reserved

Depository with UGC

  1. Following the successful completion of the evaluation process and announcements of the award of the Degree, the University shall submit a soft copy of the dissertation to the UGC within a period of 30 days, for hosting the same in INFLIBNET, accessible to all Institutions / Universities.
  2. Along with the Degree, the University shall issue a Provisional Certificate certifying to the effect that the Degree has been awarded in accordance with the provisions of UGC Regulations dated July 11, 2009.

Leave and Attendance

A student/candidate will be entitled to attendance/leave policies as formulated and approved by the Academic Council.

Cancellation of Registration

Registration of a student/candidate shall be cancelled in any one of the following eventualities, after due approval of Vice-Chancellor:

  1. If he/she absents himself/herself for a continuous period of six weeks without prior intimation/ sanction of leave.
  2. If he/she resigns from the PhD programme and the resignation is duly recommended by the BOS.
  3. If he/her fails to renew his/her registration in any year unless exceptions apply as described in this ordinance.
  4. If his/her academic progress is found to be unsatisfactory as per the terms of Clause 9 of this Ordinance.
  5. If he/she is found to be involved in an act of academic misconduct, indiscipline and termination is recommended by the BOS or any other authority authorized by the Academic Council.

Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, all categories of students/ candidates shall be governed by the rules and procedures framed by the Academic Council on this behalf, and in force from time to time.

Notwithstanding anything stated in this Ordinance, for any unforeseen issues arising, not covered by this Ordinance, or in the event of differences of interpretation, the decision of the Vice-Chancellor shall be final.

Fee Structure
Hostel(Boys) Hostel(Girls)
2 Seater (AC) - 1.45.000/- per annum
2 Seater (Non-AC) - 1,10,000/- per annum
3 Seater (AC) - 1.50.000/- per annum
3 Seater (Non-AC) - 1,20,000/- per annum